AN237 Bird Psittacine beak and feather disease (PBFD) is also known as psittacine circovirus (PCV) * Protection & Treatment
Psittacine beak and feather disease (PBFD) is also known as Psittacine Circovirus (PCV) or Psittacine Circoviral Disease (PCD).
It is the most common and highly infectious viral disease among parrots. The disease appears to have originated in Australia. Its distribution is Australia-wide, including Tasmania.
Psittacine beak and feather disease can cause very high death rates in nestlings both in captivity and the wild. It can cause long-term immunological suppression, as well as cause feather and beak abnormalities. It can be spread by food sharing through the bird’s crop, fresh or dried excrement and feather and skin particles. The virus is extremely stable in the environment and can survive in nest hollows for years.
It is an infectious virus.
This was confirmed by studies undertaken by Dr. David Pass et al from 1984 to 1987 but this is not a new disease – it has been around for several decades (at least).
Many species of Australasian psittacine birds and several species of African and South American psittacines are known to be susceptible and there is no reason to believe that all species aren’t susceptible.
Incidence in Captive and Wild Populations:
The disease is common in captive cockatoos of the genus Cacatua including the sulfur- crested cockatoo, galah, pink cockatoo, little corella, long-billed corella, lesser sulfur-crested cockatoo, Triton cockatoo, and Goffin’s cockatoo. PBFD occurs uncommonly in the cockatiel and has been diagnosed in the gang-gang cockatoo.
The disease is also extremely common in aviary collections of budgerigars and lovebirds.
Different strains of avian circovirus can cause disease in pigeons and passerines (such as canaries and finches).
The virus does not affect humans. It is sometimes referred to as an avian AIDs virus because it attacks the immune system and leaves birds susceptible to other disease agents, such as bacteria and fungi. The virus is resistant to many disinfectants and is long-lived in the environment, for example, it can withstand freezing and can remain in nest boxes from year to year infecting successive clutches of nestlings. Circovirus in cockatoos (including galahs and corellas) In cockatoos, the most common form of PBFD causes stunted, deformed, broken and brittle feathers as well as brittle, blackened, eroded and overgrown beaks and claws. In the early stages of the disease, the powder down feathers on the hips are often the first to show abnormalities. If your cockatoo's feathers seem dirty and there is no power down on your hands after you handle your bird, this could be a sign of PBFD.
The development of further feather abnormalities depends on when in the molt cycle the virus first took hold. Newly molted feathers will show stunting and deformities as they emerge. Even feathers on the head and crest, where a feather-picking bird would not be able to chew and damage them, can be affected. While PBFD can sometimes cause acute death in young birds, more often it develops as a chronic debilitating disease.
Secondary infections with bacteria or fungi can cause general illness or separation of the layers of the beak. In severe cases, the beak may peel away from the bone.
APPLICATION: add several drops of remedy in a spray bottle and spray on birds.
In the meantime, if you have other birds for PREVENTION & TREATMENT
If one sick bird, place drops on back in-between the should blade. Also add several drops of the homeopathic and a 2 teaspoons of Colloidal Silver (anti-virus, bacteria) into water dish every time you change it.
Non-Drug Prescriptions for all birds, ages - Set of 3 - Natural Medicines
1. HAMPL Psitta 237 50ml * PROTECTION and TREATMENT
Contains homeopathic, organ and nosodes Psittacine oral nosode 30C, 200C, Aviara nosode MM, Bird Flu (Avian type) 30C, Psittacosis 6C, 30X, Rhinopneumonia (viral lung infection) 12C, Cryptococcus Neo (candida) MM, Blood Fever Virus 12X, MM, Skin Mites nosode 200C, Malaria Off 10M, Pulmo Vulpis nosode (lungs) 6C, Tapeworm nosode 10M. Echinacea CM, (DR) Viral-Fungal 200C, 1M, ProBiota 12 (probiotics) CM, HAMPL 130-22 Systemic Herbs (crypto, elderberries, Usena) 12X, 10M
2. Colloidal Silver 200ml * TREATMENT
A natural antibiotic, antiviral and antifungal.
Made from sub-micron filtered, degassed and deionized water in which 99.999+ fine silver is electrolytically introduced to produce pure silver particles of less than .01 microns (10 nanometers) in size. Does not contain any artificial ingredients, stabilizers, compounds, salts, proteins or colors.
3. HAMPL Supa Immuno 100ml (3.4oz) * PROTECTION and TREATMENT
Contains synergy homeopathic formula: Sweet Chinese Wormwood, Acemannan, Vit E, Vit C, Zinc, 5 Mushroom, Echinacea, flaxseed oil, Maritime Pine, Selenium, Amino acid complex, Colloidal minerals, 2C, 200C, Interferon, Kali Phos, Thymus gland nosode, Gunpowder nosode, Virus Bacteria CM, with HAMPL Probiotic 202-1 formula, HAMPL Digestive Aid Formula, NAR S.Immunity 200C, (NAR) 86 Immunity CM, MM, (NAR) OM 12 Hair 30X
Easy dosing in the water dish. One Set will help prevent or treat many birds.
For all species, size, and ages.
(a) “HOMEOPATHICS”are sold in either a clear liquid or tiny white pills or granules – both have no odour or taste) Easy “application dosing” for all species:
Refer to Bottle Label for suggested frequencies repeat dosing needed per day.
NOTE: the rule is one must “repeat a dose” more frequently with less time in between each application dose, which is more important than the amount given each time. Repeat application will provide faster action.
(b) “HERBAL MEDICINES ” (brown liquid – strong odour & tasting) ”Application dosing” for all species and sizes: Canine, equine, cow, sheep, goat : add herbal drops (as recommended on bottle label) to some (unsweetened apple sauce or apple juice) for canines and oral syringe side of mouth. Can add other vitamins (crushed) Alkaline green powders etc. to mix.
Refer to Bottle Label for amount of drops per species size. e.g 60 drops = 1 teaspoon
What I do for example: If I was needing to give herb treatments and/or vitamin supplements to feline or toy dog or other small animals – I add this herbal formula to a small bowl add some boiled water (about a teaspoon) to it so to dissolve the alcohol in it, let cool, then add what vitamins If needed (powder or crushed tab – a pinch) mixed in another 50ml of water, and oral syringe once a day or twice a day …smear on a little “vegemite paste” (if cannot get Vegemite in your country, try fresh pate or slippery elm powder added can help mask the taste) around and on tip of oral syringe, as felines seem to real like the taste of this paste, but not too much as it is quite a strong taste)
(c)“NUTRITIONAL Mix ” Giving vitamins and supplements (tablets or powders) Note: always crush tablet before adding to food or liquid mix. Felines or small animals: make up 1 cup of mixture, adding approx. a pinch of some type of Green powder (alkaline powder) or Chlorella powder (cleansing of toxins) or 1/4 Teaspoons of Slippery elm powder (to mask the taste) with 1 teaspoon of herbs if you are having to also give herbal medicines (i.e. brown liquid) Med to large animals: add twice to three times the amount.
DOSING: Feline or small animal: using an oral syringe draw up 1ml and gently small sips. Or add a teaspoon to meals if they don’t mind eating it with meals (mix well into food) Do not put in Fridge. Room temp is best as too cold is dislike by felines.
DOSING: Canine, equine, cow, sheep, goat: try mixing well into food and hand piece before feeding main meals. Or dose same as suggested for felines, but add three times as much herbal medicines and vitamins to 1/2 cup of water or (unsweetened) apple sauce or apple juice.
What I do for example: If i was needing to give herb treatments and/or vitamin supplements to feline or toy dog or other small animals – I add this herbal formula to 1/2 cup of boiled hot water to it so to dissolve the alcohol in it, let cool, then add what vitamins If needed (powder or crushed tab – a pinch) mixed in another 50ml of water, and oral syringe once a day or twice a day …. smear on a little “vegemite paste” (if cannot get Vegemite in your country, try fresh pate or slippery elm powder added can help mask the taste) around and on tip of oral syringe, as felines seem to real like the taste of this paste, but not too much as it is quite a strong taste)
Slippery Elm Powder If needing to add or use Slippery Elm powder
FOR CONDITIONS like …. diarrhea, stomach ulcers, or sore inflamed mouth or mouth ulcers, constipation, or IBS (i.e. colitis), plus it can also been given as a liquid meal given orally via syringe as it is highly nutritional (oral liquid feeding) for convalescing during illness when not eating solids.
CONVALESCING ..can been given as a liquid meal given orally via syringe as it is highly nutritional (oral liquid feeding) for convalescing during illness when not eating solids or not eating very well. ~ Add a small amount of powder to the mix to enough to make a runny liquid mix, if you put too much of the powder it will become thick and gluggy, if this happens you will need to add more liquid to it. Can add crushed vitamins and herbal medicines to this as well. OPTIONS: Oral dose in syringe or add to meals three times a day or more to maintain normal health again, then can stop or reduce frequencies.
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